Yesterday (Jan. 6), Congress met in a joint session of the House of Representatives and Senate to count the Electoral College votes. I objected to the certification of Pennsylvania’s electors due to unconstitutional actions taken by Governor Tom Wolf, Secretary of State Kathy Boockvar and the Pennsylvania Supreme Court that exceeded and circumvented the state legislature’s clear constitutional authority to set election proceedings.

These actions include extending the deadline to receive absentee and mail-in ballots; dismissing signature authentication procedures for absentee and mail-in ballots; allowing for the uneven administration of the election across counties; and unilaterally changing Pennsylvania’s Election Code without the state legislature’s consent.

Article II of the U.S. Constitution grants state legislatures—not the governor acting alone and not the courts—the explicit power to determine the manner of appointing presidential electors.

However, during the 2020 election, Pennsylvania’s executive and judicial branches acted together to change Pennsylvania’s election law and usurp the state legislature’s constitutional authority.

In September, the Democrat-majority Pennsylvania Supreme Court unilaterally extended the statutory deadline for absentee and mail-in ballots to be received by three days after Election Day. This order directly violated Pennsylvania law, which holds that all completed absentee and mail-in ballots be received by “no later than eight o’clock p.m. on the day of the primary or election.” Litigation regarding this last-minute change is currently pending before the U.S. Supreme Court.

In October, after Secretary Boockvar issued guidance that election officials would no longer reject a ballot based on a failure to verify the voter’s signature, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled that election officials did not have to authenticate signatures for absentee and mail-in ballots. This new policy usurped the legislature’s authority and treated mail voters differently than in-person voters because election officials still had to match signatures of in-person voters at polling locations.

Then, two days before the Nov. 3 election, Secretary Boockvar once again violated the state legislature’s authority by issuing new guidance extending the deadline for absentee and mail-in voters to provide missing proof of identification from Nov. 9 to Nov. 12. This directly violated Pennsylvania law, which states that voters must provide missing proof of identification and the county board of election must verify it “prior to the sixth calendar day following the election.”

Additionally, Secretary Boockvar issued last-minute guidance allowing for the uneven administration of the election across counties in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania law holds that counties may only begin processing absentee and mail-in ballots on the morning of the election.

However, prior to Election Day, some counties—but not all—began the process of “curing” ballots by notifying voters of deficiencies in their mail ballots and allowing them to either request a replacement or vote provisionally. In an email on the eve of Election Day, Secretary Boockvar provided guidance for notifying voters of rejected ballots, effectively authorizing the curing of mail-in ballots with less than a 24-hours’ notice.

Responsibility for this breakdown in Pennsylvania’s election integrity also rests firmly on the shoulders of Pennsylvania’s chief law enforcement officer, Attorney General Josh Shapiro.

When confronted with the state’s failure to uniformly enforce election laws, the attorney general did nothing. The failure of Pennsylvania’s justice system to seek the truth enabled these abuses of our electoral process.

Until these unlawful actions are acknowledged and corrected, I cannot support electors chosen based on a flawed statewide vote count. My hope is that by objecting to Pennsylvania’s electors, Congress will debate these issues in full view of the American people.

Contrary to what some have stated, this is not unprecedented. In fact, Democrats objected to electors in 2001, 2005 and 2017 — the last three times a Republican was elected president.

While it is no secret that I campaigned and voted for President Trump, my decision to object is not based on support for any individual candidate. Rather, my objection is grounded in the Constitution and rule of law, which are fundamental to our democracy.

Fred Keller represents Pennsylvania’s 12th Congressional District and just began his second term in Congress. The district includes Potter and Tioga counties.

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